Due to recent studies, it has been found that 30% of diabetics experience skin problem at some point of their life. Infections like candida and impetigo may be caused by skin disorders. Psoriasis is another skin condition that makes the skin scaly and patchy. Diabetes mellitus is actually a lifelong disease caused by high blood sugar levels. When the body is unable to produce enough insulin or the insulin does not work properly then glucose levels in the bloodstream rises. Insulin resistance or insulin intolerance occurs when carbohydrates and proteins are not broken down and keeps on piling up in the bloodstream resulting in high blood sugar levels.
Multiple serious and life-threatening diseases can be caused by diabetes mellitus if not treated properly. There are basically two types of diabetes; type-1 diabetes and type-2 diabetes. Type-1 diabetes occurs when there is an absolute absence of insulin in the body. Type-2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and deficiency in the bloodstream. People with a long history of diabetes in the family are the most vulnerable. People with type-2 diabetes are often asymptomatic and can only be diagnosed through proper screening. Other factors which contribute to the development of diabetes include:
- Old age
- Less physical activity
- Gestational diabetes
- Family history
There are several skin disorders that may occur due to diabetes.
- Diabetic dermopathy
It is a skin condition in which reddish-brown indented scaly patches appear on the shins. It is the most common skin complication found in most diabetics. Another name for this condition is shin spots or pretibial patches. This condition mostly occurs in people of older age or those who have been long-term patients of diabetes for like 10-20 years. Diabetics subjected to the trauma with heat, cold, or any blunt objects, are prone to have shin spots. Some lifestyle changes and improved blood sugar levels can fade away the spots over a period of time.
2. Diabetic bullae
Also referred to as bullosis diabeticorum, this blister-like disease mostly occurs on the hands and feet of diabetics. Mostly occurred in men, this skin condition is prevalent between the ages of 16 to 85. Patients with a long history of diabetes are more prone to this skin condition. Medications like Ozempic can greatly control the blood sugar levels in diabetics resulting in fewer skin complications. You can check Ozempic reviews on the website of any good pharmacy like 90daymeds who specializes in selling authentic over-the-counter medicines.
3. Diabetic stiff skin
Mostly occurring in type-1 diabetics, this skin condition includes inactive mobility of the joints of hands. The skin becomes stiff, waxy and yellow in colour. In worst cases, the fingers of the patients bend and become stiff. The best way to cure this condition is through proper medical treatment.
4. Foot ulcers
Painless foot ulcers may develop in the feet of the diabetics which may rupture the skin and make boils. These boils-like foot ulcers are caused due to poor handling of diabetes mellitus. Regular examination of the at-risk foot and diabetes control can treat the foot ulcers.
In scleroderma, the skin becomes hard and thick. It restricts movement and causes firmness in the skin. Electron beam radiation is the best way to treat this condition.