Acne is a prevalent skin condition that affects millions of people throughout the globe. Getting rid of acne can also be frustrating since there’s no one-size-fits-all solution for it. It may even take years of trial and error and hundreds of dermatologist visits because every skin is unique.
What Causes Acne
Acne develops as a result of excess oils and dead skin cells clogging the skin’s pores. Your skin loses its dead cells spontaneously. However, if your body generates an excessive amount of oil, those cells may get trapped in your pores. Clogged pores allow a bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes, or P. acnes, to grow.
Whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples are all signs of acne. However, some instances are more severe than others. Other than that, acne may be caused by a variety of reasons, including:
- Hormone changes
Acne Does Not Have A One-Size-Fits-All Remedy
Treatments have varying effects on various patients, and things might become worse before they get better. So, it’s essential to discover an acne treatment program that works for your skin. Here are some alternatives that you may try to address your acne problem:
1. Light Therapy
Light therapy, sometimes called phototherapy, is a non-invasive acne management option. Using light therapy involves beaming wavelengths of light on the skin and cells to treat various conditions. If you want to know more about this treatment, find out here.
Nonetheless, light therapy may help eradicate the pathogenic bacteria that accumulate on the skin and contribute to acne. Additionally, it may help lower inflammation, renew the skin, and minimize scarring.
2. Cortisone Shot
Cortisone could be an excellent first-line treatment for acne situations, like big cystic acne pimples. After receiving an injection of this corticosteroid from your dermatologist’s clinic, your acne may clear up substantially within 24 to 48 hours.
Cortisone works by reducing inflammation, making it ideal for cystic acne and capable of effectively fighting hormonal flare-ups. However, if performed improperly, a cortisone shot might result in a tiny indentation in the skin that may last around eight weeks. So, this approach is best reserved for emergencies and shouldn’t be a long-term acne solution.
3. Birth Control Pills
For the ladies, if you have acne monthly around your period, hormones may cause your acne. Cystic acne is a symptom of an intolerance to androgens, a group of hormones that affect men and women differently. Testosterone is the androgen that increases the amount of sebum produced by the skin.
Remember that an increase in sebum production exacerbates acne. Birth control pills work by reducing the level of androgens in your system. Hence, hormonal birth control pills that include estrogen and progestin may help women maintain a healthy hormonal balance and clean skin.
4. Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide is an antibacterial agent that is effective in eliminating acne-causing bacteria. However, if your acne is serious and has pus-filled bumps, your physician may prescribe another prescription in addition to this one.
Unfortunately, benzoyl has several drawbacks. As with other topical acne drugs, you may experience some mild redness, peeling, and irritation. Additionally, creams and face wash with benzoyl peroxide may cause sensitive skin to become dry.
Furthermore, dermatologists recommend avoiding skincare formulations that include more than 2% benzoyl peroxide. Formulations of a higher amount of benzoyl peroxide may be more irritating to the skin instead of being any harsher on bacteria.
5. Prescription Antibiotics
Antibiotics may assist in eliminating acne-causing germs from your skin. These drugs may be used topically or taken orally. However, if you have a severe and persistent acne condition, antibiotics may not be the ideal course of action.
Using antibiotics over an extended period may result in resistance, rendering the medicine ineffective. Moreover, antibiotics aren’t over-the-counter drugs. A dermatologist should prescribe them to treat acne.
Exfoliation is the method of clearing the dead cells from the upper layer of the skin. Chemical exfoliants can be accomplished using this method. Alternatively, you may exfoliate manually by stripping the dead skin cell with a scrub.
Additionally, it may increase the effectiveness of acne treatments by enabling them to penetrate deeply into the skin. While there are several exfoliating treatments available, you may also prepare your scrub with sugar or salt.
Keep in mind that manual exfoliation may be irritating and cause skin problems. That’s why some dermatologists advise using gentle chemical exfoliation techniques. However, if you prefer manual exfoliation, massage your skin lightly to prevent hurting it.
Acne is a common skin condition that may have a variety of underlying causes. If you’re seeking an option for treating acne, you may try the treatments listed above. However, check with your healthcare provider first. They can assist you in determining the best course of action for you.